Development of brushite particles synthesized in the presence of acidic monomers for dental applications

Marina D.S. Chiari, Marcela C. Rodrigues, Mirella F.C. Pinto, Douglas N. Vieira, Flávio M. Vichi, Oscar Vega, Wojciech Chrzanowski, Noriyuki Nagaoka, Roberto R. Braga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: To synthesize and characterize brushite particles in the presence of acidic monomers (acrylic acid/AA, citric acid/CA, and methacryloyloxyethyl phosphate/MOEP) and evaluate the effect of these particles on degree of conversion (DC), flexural strength/modulus (FS/FM) and ion release of experimental composites. Methods: Particles were synthesized by co-precipitation with monomers added to the phosphate precursor solution and characterized for monomer content, size and morphology. Composites containing 20 vol% brushite and 40 vol% reinforcing glass were tested for DC, FS and FM (after 24 h and 60 d in water), and 60-day ion release. Data were subjected to ANOVA/Tukey tests (DC) or Kruskal–Wallis/Dunn tests (FS and FM, alpha: 5%). Results: The presence of acidic monomers affected particle morphology. Monomer content on the particles was low (0.1–1.4% by mass). Composites presented similar DC. For FS/24 h, only the composite containing DCPD_AA was statistically similar to the composite containing 60 vol% of reinforcing glass (without brushite, “control”). After 60 days, all brushite-containing materials showed similar FS, statistically lower than the control composite (p<0.01). Composites containing DCPD_AA, DCPD_MOEP or DCPD_U (“unmodified”) showed statistically similar FM/24 h, higher than the control composite. After prolonged immersion, all composites were similar to the control composite, except DCPD_AA. Cumulative ion release ranged from 21 ppm to 28 ppm (calcium) and 9 ppm to 17 ppm (phosphate). Statistically significant reductions in ion release between 15 and 60 days were detected only for the composite containing DCPD_MOEP. Significance: Acidic monomers added to the synthesis affected brushite particle morphology. After 60-day storage in water, composite strength was similar among all brushite-containing composites. Ion release was sustained for 60 days and it was not affected by particle morphology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111178
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020


  • Calcium phosphate
  • Ion release
  • Mechanical properties
  • Resins composites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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