A Mössbauer diffractometer has been developed by using 57Fe nuclear resonant scattering apparatus at SPring-8 BL11XU in order to obtain a crystal-site-selective Mössbauer spectrum. A-2 goniometer was newly installed between the nuclear monochromator and a detector. From a single crystal Fe3O4 mounted on the goniometer, the 111, 222, and 220 reflected γ-rays were used to collect the diffraction spectra at room temperature. The intensity ratio of the two subspectra, corresponding to A- and B-site Fe ions, changes notably according to the reflection index. The diffraction spectrum is composed of a major absorption spectrum and a minor emission spectrum. The former is given by the γ-ray due to the electron scattering and nuclear absorption, whereas the latter is given by the γ-ray due to the nuclear resonant scattering. Interference effects between these two γ-rays are also seen as line broadenings, asymmetric line shapes, and slope of the base lines. These features can be successfully expressed by a Fano function. We consider that the emission spectrum due to the nuclear resonant scattering represents crystal-site-selective Mössbauer spectrum.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry