Development of nanograined hexagonal barium ferrite thin films by sol-gel technique

Nimai Chand Pramanik, Tatsuo Fujii, Makoto Nakanishi, Jun Takada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


Nanograined hexagonal barium ferrite (BaFe12O19) thin films have been developed on naturally oxidized Si substrates by sol-gel technique using aqueous solution of metal chlorides. Coated films were heat treated at different temperatures ranging from 450 to 900°C, and all the films were characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), inductive coupled plasma (ICP) spectroscopy, and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The effects of temperature on the formation of BaFe12O 19 thin film were studied, and it was observed that hexagonal barium ferrite thin films with grain sizes of about 50 nm were formed above 700°C. Study on the magnetic properties of the films by vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) showed that films exhibited large saturation magnetization and high coercivity in the range 247-355 emu/cm3 and 2.70-4.22 kOe, respectively, while the Curie temperatures (□c) were in the range 443-457°C. The effects of temperatures on the magnetic properties were also studied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-472
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Letters
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2005


  • BaFeO nanoparticles
  • Magnetic materials
  • Sol-gel preparation
  • Thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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