Development of [90Y]DOTA-conjugated bisphosphonate for treatment of painful bone metastases

Kazuma Ogawa, Hidekazu Kawashima, Kazuhiro Shiba, Kohshin Washiyama, Mitsuyoshi Yoshimoto, Yasushi Kiyono, Masashi Ueda, Hirofumi Mori, Hideo Saji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: Based on the concept of bifunctional radiopharmaceuticals, we have previously developed 186Re-complex-conjugated bisphosphonate analogs for palliation of painful bone metastases and have demonstrated the utility of these compounds. By applying a similar concept, we hypothesized that a bone-specific directed 90Y-labeled radiopharmaceutical could be developed. Methods: In this study, 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA) was chosen as the chelating site, and DOTA was conjugated with 4-amino-1-hydroxybutylidene-1,1-bisphosphonate. [90Y]DOTA-complex-conjugated bisphosphonate ([90Y]DOTA-HBP) was prepared by coordination with 90Y, and its biodistribution was studied in comparison to [90Y]citrate. Results: In biodistribution experiments, [90Y]DOTA-HBP and [90Y]citrate rapidly accumulated and resided in the bone. Although [90Y]citrate showed a higher level of accumulation in the bone than [90Y]DOTA-HBP, the clearances of [90Y]DOTA-HBP from the blood and from almost all soft tissues were much faster than those of [90Y]citrate. As a result, the estimated absorbed dose ratios of soft tissues to osteogenic cells (target organ) of [90Y]DOTA-HBP were lower than those of [90Y]citrate. Conclusions: [90Y]DOTA-HBP showed superior biodistribution characteristics as a bone-seeking agent and led to a decrease in the level of unnecessary radiation compared to [90Y]citrate. Since the DOTA ligand forms a stable complex not only with 90Y but also with lutetium (177Lu), indium (111In), gallium (67/68Ga), gadolinium (Gd) and so on, complexes of DOTA-conjugated bisphosphonate with various metals could be useful as agents for palliation of metastatic bone pain, bone scintigraphy and magnetic resonance imaging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-135
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Medicine and Biology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Bisphosphonate
  • Bone
  • DOTA
  • Palliation
  • Radiation dose
  • Yttrium-90

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research


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