Differential expression of collagen IV α1 to α6 chains in basement membranes of benign and malignant odontogenic tumors

Hitoshi Nagatsuka, Chong Huat Siar, Keisuke Nakano, Hidetsugu Tsujigiwa, Mehmet Gunduz, Hoh Choufuku, You Jin Lee, Ichiro Naito, Yoshikazu Sado, Noriyuki Nagai

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26 Citations (Scopus)


Type IV collagen, the major component of basement membrane (BM), demonstrates a stage- and position-specific distribution of its isoforms during tooth development. To determine its localization in BM of odontogenic neoplasms, immunohistochemistry using six anti-α(IV) chain-specific monoclonal antibodies was performed. Results disclosed that BM demonstrated an irregular α(IV) chain profile in malignant odontogenic tumors as compared to benign odontogenic neoplasms. No α3(IV) chains were detected. Expression of α1(IV)/α2(IV) and α5(IV)/α6(IV) chains was stronger in desmoplastic (n=3) than in ordinary (n=5) ameloblastomas. The adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (n=2) distinctly expressed these chains in BM of cribriform areas and hyaline materials (which was also α4(IV)-positive), but weakly around epithelial whorls/rosettes/nests and mineralized foci. These five chains also stained BM and tumor cells of ameloblastic fibroma (n=3) and ameloblastic fibro-odontosarcoma (n=1), but not the inductive hard tissues. Ameloblastic carcinoma (n=2) showed specific α1(IV)/α2(IV) chain loss, while primary intra-osseous carcinoma (n=1) demonstrated a discontinuous α1(IV)/α2(IV) and α5(IV)/α6(IV) staining pattern. The present results suggest that modification and remodeling of BM collagen IVα chains occur during odontogenic neoplasms' progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)392-399
Number of pages8
JournalVirchows Archiv
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • Basement membrane
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Odontogenic tumors
  • Type IV collagen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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