Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) has numerous atherogenic properties, including induction of inflammatory genes, and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) are involved in the development of atherosclerosis. In this study, we examined whether variations of VSMC in the capacity to oxidize LDL or in response to minimally modified LDL (MM-LDL) constitute a genetic component in atherosclerosis. VSMC were isolated from the aorta of two inbred mouse strains C57BL/6J (B6) and C3H, which differ markedly in susceptibility to atherosclerosis. LDL oxidation was assessed by measuring thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS) production. Responses to MM-LDL were evaluated by examining the expression of inflammatory genes involved atherosclerosis, including monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and an oxidant stress gene, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). VSMC from the two strains exhibited a comparable ability to transform native LDL to oxidized LDL, whereas their response to MM-LDL differed markedly. MM-LDL resulted in dramatic induction of MCP-1, VCAM-1, and HO-1 mRNAs in the cells from B6 mice but exerted little effect in cells from C3H mice. MCP-1 and soluble VCAM-1 protein levels in conditioned media were measured by ELISA. B6 cells produced significantly more MCP-1 and VCAM-1 proteins in response to MM-LDL than C3H cells. These data suggest that variation in the response of VSMC to oxidized LDL may contribute to the difference between B6 and C3H mice in atherosclerosis susceptibility.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2006|
- Vascular smooth muscle cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine