Distribution of 10 periodontal bacteria in saliva samples from Japanese children and their mothers

Kiyoko Tamura, Kazuhiko Nakano, Tetsuyuki Hayashibara, Ryota Nomura, Kazuyo Fujita, Seikou Shintani, Takashi Ooshima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: We analyzed the distribution of 10 periodontal bacteria species (Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythensis, Prevotella intermedia, Prevotella nigrescens, Campylobacter rectus, Eikenella corrodens, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Capnocytophaga ochracea, Capnocytophaga sputigena, and Treponema denticola) in children, and then compared their distribution in those children and their mothers, with special attention given to three of the species known as the red complex (P. gingivalis, T. forsythensis, and T. denticola) whose presence has been shown to be associated with conditions related to periodontal diseases. Methods: One hundred thirteen pairs of children and their mothers were randomly selected from patients treated at the Pedodontic Clinic of Osaka University Dental Hospital. Saliva samples were taken at the second visit prior to receiving professional tooth brushing instruction. Genomic DNA was extracted from each saliva sample, followed by a polymerase chain reaction assay with species-specific sets of primers. Results: A. actinomycetemcomitans was the most frequently detected species in the mothers, followed by C. sputigena, P. gingivalis, and T. forsythensis, while C. sputigena had the highest detection rate, followed by A. actinomycetemcomitans and T. denticola in the children. The detection rate of the red complex species in children whose mothers possessed the same species was significantly higher than in those whose mothers did not possess them. Conclusions: Our results indicate a correlation between the presence of periodontal bacteria in children and their mothers, while the presence of red complex bacteria in children was highly associated with that in their mothers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-377
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Oral Biology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2006


  • Children
  • Mothers
  • PCR
  • Periodontal bacteria
  • Red complex
  • Transmission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Cell Biology


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