Distribution of Collagen Type IV α1-6 Chains and MMP in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Ryo Tamamura, Hitoshi Nagatsuka, You Jin Lee, Jing Xiao, Noriyuki Nagai, Ichiro Naito, Yoshikazu Sado, Toshiyuki Kawakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Destruction of basement membrane is an important element in invasion of cancer cells. Type IV collagen, the major component of basement membrane has six distinct α chains. Matrix metalloproteinases(MMPs) are enzymes that can resolve extracellular matrix. In this study, we investigated the localization of six α chains and MMPs in oral squamous cell carcinoma immunohistochemically. In well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, the localization of α chains showed various patterns. α1 (IV),α2 (IV), α5 (IV) and α6 (IV) chains were stained in almost all basement membranes in the central of cancer. Unique staining with only α5 (IV) and α6 (IV) chains was also observed. In the invasive point of cancer, all a chains mainly became negative, but MMP-2 and MMP-9 were stained strongly. In poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, both a chains and MMPs were not stained. Furthermore, we examined the correlation between distribution of α1 chain and invasive pattern of cancer. We found that the disappearence of α chains correlated closely with invasive activity of cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-130
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Hard Tissue Biology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2004


  • basement membrane
  • immunohistochemistry
  • matrix metafloproteinase (MMP)
  • squamous cell carcinoma
  • type IV collagen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • General Dentistry
  • Cell Biology


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