Objective: : To retrospectively evaluate the effect of tumor type on local control by radiofrequency ablation in the lungs. Materials and methods: : This study included 252 lung tumors (mean size, 13.5 mm) in 105 patients (73 men and 32 women; mean age, 66.6 years) who underwent radiofrequency ablation with a multitined expandable electrode. Those tumors comprised five tumor types: primary lung cancer (n = 35) and pulmonary metastases from colorectal cancer (n = 117), lung cancer (n = 23), renal cell carcinoma (n = 49), and hepatocellular carcinoma (n = 28). Local control was evaluated with contrast-enhanced computed tomography. The overall local control rates were estimated as well as those for each tumor type using the Kaplan-Meier analysis. Local control rates for a given tumor type were compared with those for the four other types. Then, multivariate multilevel analysis was performed using the variables of tumor type, tumor size, contact with a vessel or bronchus, and procedure period. Results: : The overall local control rates were 97%, 86%, 81%, and 76% at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months, respectively. Local control rates varied among the tumor types, and metastatic colorectal cancer showed significantly (P = .023) higher local control rates than those of the four other types. However, multivariate analysis indicated that the relative risk of local progression for a given tumor type was comparable to the risks for the four other types. Conclusion: : Tumor type per se did not significantly influence local control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-141
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010


  • Local recurrence
  • Lung cancer
  • Lung metastasis
  • Radiofrequency ablation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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