Dome-shaped magnetic order competing with high-temperature superconductivity at high pressures in FeSe

J. P. Sun, K. Matsuura, G. Z. Ye, Y. Mizukami, M. Shimozawa, K. Matsubayashi, M. Yamashita, T. Watashige, S. Kasahara, Y. Matsuda, J. Q. Yan, B. C. Sales, Y. Uwatoko, J. G. Cheng, T. Shibauchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

206 Citations (Scopus)


The coexistence and competition between superconductivity and electronic orders, such as spin or charge density waves, have been a central issue in high transition-temperature (T c) superconductors. Unlike other iron-based superconductors, FeSe exhibits nematic ordering without magnetism whose relationship with its superconductivity remains unclear. Moreover, a pressure-induced fourfold increase of T c has been reported, which poses a profound mystery. Here we report high-pressure magnetotransport measurements in FeSe up to 1/415 GPa, which uncover the dome shape of magnetic phase superseding the nematic order. Above 1/46 GPa the sudden enhancement of superconductivity (T c ≤38.3 K) accompanies a suppression of magnetic order, demonstrating their competing nature with very similar energy scales. Above the magnetic dome, we find anomalous transport properties suggesting a possible pseudogap formation, whereas linear-in-temperature resistivity is observed in the normal states of the high-T c phase above 6 GPa. The obtained phase diagram highlights unique features of FeSe among iron-based superconductors, but bears some resemblance to that of high-T c cuprates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12146
JournalNature communications
Publication statusPublished - Jul 19 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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