We investigate the ground-state property of the one-dimensional spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic XXZ chain in a symmetry-breaking field, by means of numerical diagonalization method for finite-size spin systems combined with the phenomenological renormalization group method. It is found that, with increasing field, there occurs the ground-state phase transition from an ordered phase to a disordered phase, whose critical property belongs to the universality class of the transverse Ising model. The ground-state phase diagram is determined in two parameter regions; (i) an Ising-like region and (ii) an XY-like region. Our inspection of the field dependence of the energy gap and the static spin structure factors reveals that the ordered phase in both regions exhibits the characteristics of Néel order. Quantum nature of the ground state is also briefly discussed.
- antiferromagnetic XXZ chain
- ground-state phase diagram
- symmetry-breaking field
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Physics and Astronomy