Effect of Air-Particle Abrasion Protocol and Primer on The Topography and Bond Strength of a High-Translucent Zirconia Ceramic

Leila Nasiry Khanlar, Tomohiro Takagaki, Ahmed Abdou, Masanao Inokoshi, Masaomi Ikeda, Akifumi Takahashi, Kumiko Yoshihara, Noriyuki Nagaoka, Toru Nikaido, Markus B. Blatz, Junji Tagami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To evaluate effect of air-particle abrasion protocol and primer on surface topography and bond strength of resin cement to high-translucent zirconia ceramics. Materials and Methods: Two hundred disk-shaped high-translucent zirconia specimens of 5Y-PSZ were prepared. The specimens were assigned to 5 groups in terms of particle type and air-particle abrasion pressure: (1) control, (2) alumina with 0.2 MPa-air pressure [AB-0.2], (3) alumina with 0.4 MPa-air pressure [AB-0.4], (4) glass beads with 0.2 MPa-air pressure [GB-0.2], and (5) glass beads with 0.4 MPa-air pressure [GB-0.4]. Two different primers 1% MDP (Experimental) and MDP-silane primer (Clearfil Ceramic Primer Plus) was also tested. Stainless steel rods were bonded to the 5Y-PSZ specimens with PANAVIA V5. For each group, the tensile bond strength (TBS) was measured after 24-hour water storage (n = 10) and after 5000 thermal-cycling (n = 10) at crosshead speed of 2 mm/min. The data were statistically analyzed using Weibull analysis. Surface roughness (Sa) was measured using a 3D-Laser Scanning Confocal Microscope (n = 5) and analyzed by t-test with Bonferroni correction. Surface topography using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and surface elemental analysis using energy dispersion spectroscopy (EDX), and cross-section SEM at the interface with composite cement were also investigated. Results: In MDP-silane groups, the highest TBS was observed in AB-0.4 after 24 hours and GB-0.4 after thermal-cycling (p < 0.05). In MDP groups, AB groups resulted in the significantly higher TBS than GB groups (p < 0.05). AB-0.4 group showed the highest Sa value compared to all groups (p < 0.005), meanwhile GB groups did not show different Sa compared to control (p > 0.005). Conclusion: Air-abrasion with different particle and blasting pressure can improve bonding to zirconia with proper primer selection. Particularly, glass beads abrasion followed by MDP-silane primer and alumina abrasion followed by MDP primer alone provided stable bond strength of resin cement to high-translucent zirconia after aging. High-translucent zirconia abraded with glass beads achieves a desirable bonding performance without creating surface microcracks which may hinder zirconia's mechanical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-238
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Prosthodontics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


  • Air-particle abrasion
  • bond strength
  • glass beads
  • high-translucent zirconia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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