Effect of operating factors on liquid–liquid mass transfer and dispersion pattern of sedimentary liquid in a mechanically stirred vessel

Koudai Sunami, Shuhei Horiuchi, Noriko Nishimura, Md Azhar Uddin, Yoshiei Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Liquid–liquid dispersion and mass transfer were investigated in mechanically stirred vessels without baffles by changing operation factors such as an impeller rotation speed, off-bottom clearance, volumetric liquid ratio, etc. The dispersion regime was categorized into five groups: the sedimentary liquid was kept at the vessel bottom (I), partially elevated without any collision (II), partially dispersed by colliding with the impeller bottom (III), both liquids were partially dispersed by collisions with impeller blades (III’), and the sedimentary liquid was completely dispersed (IV). The dispersion switched to I → II → III → IV with the increasing rotation speed and decreasing off-bottom clearance. The liquid–liquid mass transfer rate was significantly enhanced with the collision of the sedimentary liquid with the impeller bottom, and subsequently increased with the increasing rotation speed, volumetric liquid ratio, and vessel diameter and with the decreasing off-bottom clearance. A multiple regression analysis method was applied to determine the mass transfer rates of III and III’.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3479-3489
Number of pages11
JournalCanadian Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume101
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

Keywords

  • dispersion
  • liquid–liquid mixing
  • mass transfer rate
  • mechanical stirring
  • sedimentary liquid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering

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