Background: Body weight loss (BWL) and skeletal muscle loss (SML) are inevitable after gastrectomy for gastric cancer (GC) and can decrease patients’ quality of life (QOL) and survival. Objective: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effect of perioperative and post-discharge patient participation in continuous nutritional counseling (CNC) on post-gastrectomy BWL and SML. Methods: Ninety-three patients with GC who underwent curative gastrectomy between March 2018 and July 2019 were analyzed. Patients received either pre-discharge nutritional counseling alone (control group, n = 49) or patient-participation CNC (CNC group, n = 44) after gastrectomy. Differences between percentage BWL (%BWL), percentage SML (%SML), and nutrition-related blood parameters between the preoperative values and those at 12 months after surgery were compared between the groups. Results: Compared with the control group, %BWL was significantly lower in the CNC group at 1 month (−6.2 ± 2.5% vs. −7.9 ± 3.3%, p = 0.005), 6 months (−7.8 ± 6.6% vs. −12.3 ± 6.4%, p = 0.001) and 12 months (−7.9 ± 7.6% vs. −13.2 ± 8.2%, p = 0.002), and %SML was significantly lower in the CNC group at 12 months (−5.3 ± 10.3% vs. −12.8 ± 12%, p = 0.002). Regarding nutrition-related blood parameters, change in total cholesterol was significantly lower in the CNC group than the control group at 12 months after surgery (p = 0.02). Multivariate analysis identified no CNC as an independent risk factor for severe BWL (p = 0.001) and SML (p = 0.006) at 12 months after surgery. Conclusions: Following gastrectomy, patient-participation CNC prevented postoperative BWL and SML after surgery. These results support the induction of such a CNC program in these patients.
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