Effect of surface pre-treatment on durability of resin-based cements bonded to titanium

Youhei Tsuchimoto, Yasuhiro Yoshida, Maho Takeuchi, Atsushi Mine, Hirofumi Yatani, Yoh ichi Tagawa, Bart Van Meerbeek, Kazuomi Suzuki, Takuo Kuboki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: Titanium has in recent years become a material of great opportunities in dentistry and orthopedics. In this study, we searched for a method to effectively pre-treat titanium as part of an adhesive luting and/or resin-veneering procedure. Methods: Ti plates were treated with two different solutions of hydrochloric acid (0.1, 1 N), 37 wt% phosphoric acid or kept untreated (control). The tensile bond strength of the composite cement (Panavia Fluoro Cement, Kuraray) to the untreated and pre-treated Ti plates was determined without and after 20,000 thermo-cycles. XPS was used to chemically analyze the effect of the three Ti pre-treatments, as well as the interaction of 10-methacryloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (10-MDP; functional monomer of Panavia Fluoro Cement) with Ti treated with 1 N HCl. Results: Although no significant difference in immediate tensile bond strength was measured, thermo-cycling significantly decreased the bond strength of all experimental groups except for Ti treated with 1 N HCl. No difference in surface roughness was found between untreated and treated Ti. XPS demonstrated that HCl effectively decontaminated Ti in a dose-dependent manner, while H3PO4 was strongly adsorbed on the Ti surface. While the latter potentially inhibits adsorption of the phosphoric groups of the functional monomer 10-MDP, Ti pre-treated with 1 N HCl improved the adsorption of 10-MDP as compared to untreated Ti. Significance: It is concluded that 1 N HCl effectively pre-treats Ti in order to make it more receptive to resin, while H3PO4 should better not be used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-552
Number of pages8
JournalDental Materials
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006


  • Adhesion
  • Metal surface treatment, Luting cement, 10-MDP, Hydrochloric acid, Phosphoric acid, Interface
  • SEM
  • Titanium
  • XPS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


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