Effects of functional monomers and photo-initiators on the degree of conversion of a dental adhesive

Makoto Oguri, Yasuhiro Yoshida, Kumiko Yoshihara, Takahiro Miyauchi, Yoshiharu Nakamura, Shinji Shimoda, Masao Hanabusa, Yasuko Momoi, Bart Van Meerbeek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


Besides functional and cross-linking monomers, dental adhesives contain a photo-initiator system for polymerization, thereby providing physico-mechanical strength to the adhesive-tooth interface. Few studies have investigated the effect of the functional monomer and polymerization-initiation system on the polymerization efficiency of the adhesive. Here, we tested the effect of two different functional monomers (MAC-10 vs. SR) and two photo-initiator systems, camphorquinone-amine (CQ) vs. borate (BO), on the degree of conversion (DC) of different adhesive formulations. The DC of the CQ-cured adhesive formulations was significantly affected by the MAC-10 monomer. This should be ascribed to the known inactivation of the amine co-initiator through acid-base reaction. However, the SR monomer did not decrease the DC, which could be attributed to a "gel effect" or the so-called "Trommsdorff-Norrish" phenomenon of enhanced DC with more viscous resins, and to the more favorable availability of CC double bonds. In contrast, the DC of the BO-cured adhesive formulations was not affected by any acidic monomer. It is concluded that the degree of conversion of an adhesive can be affected by the functional monomer, but this depends on the kind of photo-initiator system used. As bond durability depends, among other factors, on the strength and thus degree of conversion of the adhesive, potential interaction between adhesive ingredients and the photo-initiator system definitely needs to be studied further.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1928-1934
Number of pages7
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Adhesive
  • Dental
  • Functional monomer
  • Photo-initiator
  • Polymerization conversion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology


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