Effects of TNF-α on leukocyte adhesion molecule expressions in cultured human lymphatic endothelium

Yoshihiko Sawa, Yukitaka Sugimoto, Takeshi Ueki, Hiroyuki Ishikawa, Atuko Sato, Toshikazu Nagato, Shigemitsu Yoshida

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60 Citations (Scopus)


TNF-α alters leukocyte adhesion molecule expression of cultured endothelial cells like human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). This study was designed to investigate the changes in vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) expression with TNF-α stimulation in cultured human neonatal dermal lymphatic endothelial cells (HNDLEC). The real-time quantitative PCR analysis on HNDLEC showed that TNF-α treatment leads to increases of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 mRNAs to the 10.8- and 48.2-fold levels of untreated cells and leads to a reduction of PECAM-1 mRNA to the 0.42-fold level of untreated cells. Western blot and immunohistochemical analysis showed that TNF-α leads to VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expressions that were inhibited by antiserum to human TNF receptor or by AP-1 inhibitor nobiletin. In flow cytometry analysis, the number of VCAM-1- and ICAM-1-positive cells increased, and PECAM-1-positive cells decreased with TNF-α treatment. Regarding protein amounts produced in cells and amounts expressed on the cell surface, VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 increased in HNDLEC and HUVEC, and PECAM-1 decreased in HNDLEC in a TNF-α concentration-dependent manner. VCAM-1, ICAM-1, and PECAM-1 protein amounts in TNF-α-stimulated cells were lower in HNDLEC than in HUVEC. This suggests that the lymphatic endothelium has the TNF-α-induced signaling pathway, resulting in increased VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression to a weaker extent than blood endothelium and PECAM-1 reduction to a stronger extent than blood endothelium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)721-733
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Intercellular adhesion molecule-1
  • Lymphatic endothelium
  • Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1
  • TNF-α
  • Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology


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