Epithelial cell proliferation during colonic chemical carcinogenesis in the rat

Hiroyuki Okada, Motowo Mizuno, Nobumasa Ikeda, Jun Tomoda, Takao Tsuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


To define the significance of alterations in epithelial cell proliferation as a marker of high risk mucosa for colorectal cancer, we examined cell proliferative events in the colonic mucosa during chemical carcinogenesis using in vitro bromodeoxyuridine labelling and by analysing serial colonoscopic biopsy specimens from dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-treated rats. In both the rectum and flexure of the colon, an increased labelling index of colonic epithelial cells, an upward extension of the proliferating zone and an upward shift of the major area of DNA synthesis of epithelial cells were observed during DMH-induced colonic carcinogenesis in rats. These changes preceded the development of the colonic tumour and were observed in endoscopically normal rectal mucosa where the tumour was absent. We confirmed the altered cell proliferative events preceding the development of the tumour by examining serial colonoscopic biopsies. The results suggest that these alterations are features that identify premalignant colonic mucosa in DMH-treated rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)686-691
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1996


  • bromodeoxyuridine
  • colon cancer
  • colonoscopy
  • dimethylhydrazine
  • proliferating zone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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