Ethmoidal dural arteriovenous fistula with unusual drainage route treated by transarterial embolization

Akihiro Inoue, Masahiko Tagawa, Yoshiaki Kumon, Hideaki Watanabe, Daisuke Shoda, Kenji Sugiu, Takanori Ohnishi

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6 Citations (Scopus)


Ethmoidal dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are rare intracranial lesions associated with a high risk of intracranial hemorrhage. In particular, this entity with reflux drainage directly into the ophthalmic vein is extremely rare. We report a case of ethmoidal dural AVF with direct drainage of the superior ophthalmic vein (SOV) and inferior ophthalmic vein (IOV), successfully treated by endovascular surgery. A 58-year-old man presented with progressive diplopia. Angiography and contrast-enhanced CT showed an ethmoidal dural AVF supplied via the bilateral anterior ethmoidal arteries and venous drainage through the left SOV and IOV. A transarterial approach through the bilateral anterior ethmoidal arteries was used to place the microcatheter close to the fistula site. After intra-arterial embolization with 20% N-butyl cyanoacrylate, the dural AVF was completely occluded. In patients with good vascular access, endovascular transarterial embolization may be an effective and less invasive treatment strategy for ethmoidal dural AVF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e15
JournalJournal of NeuroInterventional Surgery
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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