Evaluation of an experience-based program to understand the concept of recovery among hospital-based psychiatric nurses

Aki Okamoto, Shizuko Tanigaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This study aimed to implement an experience-based program to promote the understanding of the concept of recovery, which is defined as a meaningful life and valued sense of integrity based on subjective and individual viewpoints, among psychiatric nurses working in hospitals in Japan and to evaluate this program. Methods: We conducted a preliminary survey of nurses at six facilities with psychiatric wards. The experience-based program was conducted for 12 nurses who expressed a wish to participate. The program spanned three days and consisted of lectures, assertive community treatment (ACT) staff visits for recovery orientation, and group work. Results: The mean Recovery Knowledge Inventory of nine participants ultimately included was 3.41 points (SD, 0.28) before the program and 3.69 points (SD, 0.24) after the program, indicating a significant difference (p =.004). Categories obtained from ACT support experiences included the following: “Continuing to attend to the need to live in one’s community/home regardless of how bad psychiatric symptoms become without the use of medicines,” “Viewing the person living their life in a place where they belong and in their own individual style,” “Valuing the patient’s wishes is the slow but sure way to a fruitful relationship,” and “Become familiar to the patient and their family’s lifestyle by carefully listening to the family’s feelings”. Discussion: We believe that this program can help establish the concept of recovery in hospital, which tend to rely on the medical model, and enable daily nursing practice to be implemented from a strength-based viewpoint.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-89
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2 2018


  • Patient
  • assertive community treatment
  • hospital nurse
  • recovery
  • strength-based

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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