Evaluation of factors related to nursing caries in 18-month-old Japanese children

Rena Okawa, Kazuhiko Nakano, Aki Yamana, Michiyo Matsumoto, Takashi Ooshima, Naoko Nishikawa, Mamiko Nakai, Manabu Taniguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Dental caries in early childhood is a significant public health problem, among which nursing caries is known to be caused by inappropriate nursing habits. The aim of the present study was to investigate lifestyle factors related to nursing caries. We examined 2,506 Japanese children aged 18 months, as a part of public health examinations conducted by the Municipal Public Health Center in 2008. Questionnaires were also administered to their guardians, which focused on nutritional and dental health conditions. Statistical analyses were then performed to determine significant nutritional and dental health factors associated with nursing caries. There were 117 children (4.7% of total) identified with dental caries, of whom 18 (0.7% of total cohort, 15.3% of children with dental caries) were designated as the nursing caries group. Statistical analyses revealed that breastfeeding was the most important factor as compared to children without nursing caries (P = 0.0002; odds ratio, 6.373). Our results showed that inappropriate breastfeeding is one of the most important factors related to both onset and exacerbation of nursing caries, and conclude that parents should be informed of appropriate breastfeeding practices by dentists for their prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-55
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Dental Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Anterior teeth
  • Breastfeeding
  • Children
  • Lifestyle factors
  • Nursing caries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)


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