Evaluation of gaze-added target selection methods suitable for general GUIs

Akito Monden, Ken Ichi Matsumoto, Masatake Yamato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


This paper examines three gaze-added methods, the Auto, Manual, and SemiAuto, that have a potential to increase the efficiency of target selection operations in general GUI environments such as MS-Windows and Mac-OS. These three methods employ the human's eye gaze and a hand (mouse operation) together to enable users to select a target even if the jittery motions of an eye and the measurement error of an eye-tracking device have occurred. The result of the experiment under an environment in which small targets are placed in a narrow layout showed that the operational efficiency with the SemiAuto method was the best among three methods; and, the SemiAuto method was the same or faster than the mouse-only operation without increasing errors greatly. Especially concerning the discontinuous selection situation (a target selection whose cursor position is randomly located), the operation with the SemiAuto method was about 31% faster than the mouse-only operation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-24
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Computer Applications in Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Desktop environment
  • Eye tracking device
  • Eye-gaze interface
  • Human-computer interaction
  • Input device
  • Mouse operation
  • Usability
  • User interface design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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