Evolutionary alterations in gene expression and enzymatic activities of gibberellin 3-oxidase 1 in Oryza

Kyosuke Kawai, Sayaka Takehara, Toru Kashio, Minami Morii, Akihiko Sugihara, Hisako Yoshimura, Aya Ito, Masako Hattori, Yosuke Toda, Mikiko Kojima, Yumiko Takebayashi, Hiroyasu Furuumi, Ken ichi Nonomura, Bunzo Mikami, Takashi Akagi, Hitoshi Sakakibara, Hidemi Kitano, Makoto Matsuoka, Miyako Ueguchi-Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Proper anther and pollen development are important for plant reproduction. The plant hormone gibberellin is important for anther development in rice, but its gametophytic functions remain largely unknown. Here, we report the functional and evolutionary analyses of rice gibberellin 3-oxidase 1 (OsGA3ox1), a gibberellin synthetic enzyme specifically expressed in the late developmental stages of anthers. Enzymatic and X-ray crystallography analyses reveal that OsGA3ox1 has a higher GA7 synthesis ratio than OsGA3ox2. In addition, we generate an osga3ox1 knockout mutant by genome editing and demonstrate the bioactive gibberellic acid synthesis by the OsGA3ox1 action during starch accumulation in pollen via invertase regulation. Furthermore, we analyze the evolution of Oryza GA3ox1s and reveal that their enzyme activity and gene expression have evolved in a way that is characteristic of the Oryza genus and contribute to their male reproduction ability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number67
JournalCommunications Biology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)


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