Examining the simple view of reading in a hybrid orthography

Tomohiro Inoue, George K. Georgiou, Takayuki Tanji, Rauno Parrila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


We examined the developmental relationships between oral language skills (vocabulary, morphological awareness), word reading, and reading comprehension in the hybrid orthography of Japanese, where two contrastive scripts (syllabic Hiragana, morphographic Kanji) are used simultaneously. Participants were 191 Japanese-speaking children followed from Grade 2 to Grade 4. Results from a latent variable model showed that Kanji character recognition, but not Hiragana word reading fluency, predicted reading comprehension after controlling for the effects of nonverbal IQ, phonological awareness, and oral language skills. Moreover, oral language skills predicted reading comprehension both directly and indirectly through Kanji character recognition. These findings support the premises of the Simple View of Reading model in the hybrid orthography of Japanese and suggest that the characteristics of script children learn can moderate the associations between the model's components.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102065
JournalContemporary Educational Psychology
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022


  • Morphological awareness
  • Reading comprehension
  • Simple view of reading
  • Vocabulary
  • Word reading

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Examining the simple view of reading in a hybrid orthography'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this