Excitation-energy dependence of transient grating spectroscopy in β -carotene

Mitsuru Sugisaki, Masazumi Fujiwara, Selvakumar V. Nair, Harry E. Ruda, Richard J. Cogdell, Hideki Hashimoto

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15 Citations (Scopus)


Transient grating (TG) signals from β -carotene were measured at various excitation energies (wavelengths). Clear coherent oscillations with a period of a few tens of femtoseconds were observed when the excitation energy was tuned in the vicinity of the absorption edge. It was found that the TG signal is very sensitive to the excitation energy. When the TG signal is measured near the absorption maximum, following the coherent spike at the origin of the time axis, weak coherent oscillations are observed superimposed on a slowly varying background. The rise time of this slowly varying background is 0.4 ps and is followed by the slow decay with a 5 ps time constant. As the excitation energy is decreased the coherent oscillations become more prominent. The coherent oscillations and the slowly varying background become very weak again when the excitation energy is lower than the absorption edge. The TG signals were calculated using two sets of energy and Feynman diagrams to investigate possible pathways of the electronic internal conversion and vibronic decoherence processes. The modeling indicates that the vibronic coherence, initially established by pumping into the excited state S2, instantaneously decays due to relaxation into an intermediate state Sx, which is located between S2 and S1. Possible interpretation of the nature of the Sx state is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035118
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 6 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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