A novel patient cluster in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) may be identified in Japan. We performed multiple correspondence and cluster analysis regarding 427 clinically diagnosed AAV patients excluding eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. Model 1 included the ANCA phenotype, items of the Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score, and interstitial lung disease; model 2 included serum creatinine (s-Cr) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels with model 1 components. In seven clusters determined in model 1, the ANCA-negative (n = 8) and proteinase 3-ANCA-positive (n = 41) groups emerged as two distinct clusters. The other five myeloperoxidase-ANCA-positive clusters were characterized by ear, nose, and throat (ENT) (n = 47); cutaneous (n = 36); renal (n = 256), non-renal (n = 33); and both ENT and cutaneous symptoms (n = 6). Four clusters in model 2 were characterized by myeloperoxidase-ANCA negativity (n = 42), without s-Cr elevation (< 1.3 mg/dL) (n = 157), s-Cr elevation (≥ 1.3 mg/dL) with high CRP (> 10 mg/dL) (n = 71), or s-Cr elevation (≥ 1.3 mg/dL) without high CRP (≤ 10 mg/dL) (n = 157). Overall, renal, and relapse-free survival rates were significantly different across the four clusters in model 2. ENT, cutaneous, and renal symptoms may be useful in characterization of Japanese AAV patients with myeloperoxidase-ANCA. The combination of s-Cr and CRP levels may be predictive of prognosis.
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