Expression of the Midkine gene in human hepatocellular carcinomas

Norio Koide, Hajime Hada, Toshiyuki Shinji, Kozo Ujike, Shoji Hirasaki, Yasuhiro Yumoto, Tadashi Hanafusa, Kenji Kadomatsu, Hisako Muramatsu, Takashi Muramatsu, Takao Tsuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUD/AIMS: Aberrant expression of Midkine (MK) has been found in various human carcinomas including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of study is to identify the incidence of MK expression in tumor and surrounding non-tumor tissues of the liver, and to find the correlation of MK expression with other tumor markers. METHODOLOGY: Liver tissues were obtained from 16 patients with HCC and 4 with metastatic liver cancer. Background diseases of the HCC patients include liver cirrhosis and chronic hepatitis of type B or C. RNA was prepared from both cancerous and surrounding non-cancerous tissues, and analyzed for the presence of MK mRNA by RT-PCR, PCR-Southern blot, and Northern blot analysis. RESULTS: MK expression was detected in 12 (75%) of 16 HCCs by PCR-Southern blot analysis, the most sensitive of the 3 methods. Three of 9 surrounding cirrhotic tissues were weakly positive for MK expression, and none of 7 chronic hepatitis and 4 normal tissues were negative. No significant difference was found in clinical and pathological parameters between MK negative and positive cases. Among metastatic cancers, 1 of gastric origin was positive for MK expression, but 1 each of chorangiocellular, gall bladder, and gastrinoma origin was negative. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that MK is expressed in the majority of HCC tissues and rarely in surrounding tissues in chronic liver diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3189-3196
Number of pages8
Issue number30
Publication statusPublished - 1999


  • Gene expression
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Metastatic liver cancer
  • Midkine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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