Extraction of the lateral incisors to treat maxillary protrusion: Quantitative evaluation of the stomatognathic functions

Yoshihito Ishihara, Shingo Kuroda, Kumi Sumiyoshi, Teruko Takano-Yamamoto, Takashi Yamashiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


To treat morphological abnormalities, impaction, and severe malposition of the teeth, the lateral incisors are sometimes extracted, followed by orthodontic space closure. This procedure often requires special consideration, not only with regard to esthetics but also for functional issues. However, thus far, few reports that have performed a functional evaluation in such cases. The purpose of this article is to report the successful treatment of an adult patient with a Class II division 1 malocclusion who was treated with extraction of the upper lateral incisors. The female patient, aged 23 years and 6 months, had a chief complaint of maxillary incisal protrusion and crooked teeth. In this patient, the upper lateral incisors were extracted to fulfill the patient's strong request, followed by orthodontic treatment using edgewise appliances. A high-pull J-hook headgear on the lower dental arch was used to prevent further labial inclination of the lower incisors. The total active treatment period was 37 months. The resulting occlusion and a satisfactory facial profile were maintained during a 4-year retention period. Additionally, this treatment did not affect the stomatognathic functions as assessed by the following criteria: Range of the incisal path or condylar motion during maximal open-close movement, protrusive excursion, lateral excursion, and the chewing test. In conclusion, extraction of the upper lateral incisors can be an effective treatment choice when the upper lateral incisors are dwarfed, are nonvital, or demonstrate severe malposition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-354
Number of pages14
JournalAngle Orthodontist
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • J-hook headgear
  • Lateral incisor
  • Stomatognathic function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics


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