Fabricating large-scale three-dimensional constructs with living cells by processing with syringe needles

Jun Ichi Sasaki, Chihiro Katata, Gabriela L. Abe, Takuya Matsumoto, Satoshi Imazato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Three-dimensional (3D) cell constructs composed only of cells and cell-secreted extracellular matrix have been attractive biomaterials for tissue engineering technology; however, controlling construct morphology and eliminating dead cells after fabrication remain a challenge. It has been hypothesized that moderate stress could shape constructs and eliminate dead cells. The purpose of this study was to establish an easily available technology for shaping 3D cell constructs and eliminating dead cells postfabrication. To achieve these objectives, spherical cell constructs composed of L-929 fibroblasts were processed using different sized syringe needles. Our results revealed that large-scale rod-shaped cell constructs could be fabricated, and that their diameters could be controlled according to the size of the syringe needle. Additionally, cell viability assays showed that >94% of cells in the rod-shaped constructs were viable, suggesting that dead cells, which have low adhesion force, were dispersed when compressive stress was applied during passage through the needle. The technology described in this study will be promising for future tissue engineering, especially for fabricating elongated tissues such as nerves and blood vessels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)904-909
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019


  • 3D-shaping
  • cell construct
  • cell sorting
  • fibroblasts
  • syringe needle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys


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