Fabrication of hydroxyapatite with controlled morphology in a micro-reactor

Eiji Fujii, Koji Kawabata, Yoshiaki Nakazaki, Yuji Tanizawa, Yuki Shirosaki, Satoshi Hayakawa, Akiyoshi Osaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


A flow-micro-reactor system was employed to fabricate hydroxyapatite (HAp) in order to mimic the interface between calcium and phosphate solutions on a wet chemical procedure. The mixing ratioof calcium nitrate tetrahydrate and diammonium hydrogenphosphate solution was set to the stoichiometric atomic ratio HAp, 1.67, whilepH value of the product suspension was varied from 6.4 to 10.0. The product morphology was changed from nano-sheet type to nano-particle type via nano-rod one, while theirsize was decreased from 100-500 nm to 50 nm. All as-prepared samples, irrespective of pH value of the resultant suspension, consisted of HAp, predominant phase, octacalcium phosphate (OCP), and dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) or dicalcium phosphate anhydrate (DCPA). A batch system using the same solutions yielded very similar results, which confirmed that the reactions inthismicro-reactor well reproduced a large-scalemixing system. Calcining sample obtained from pH 6.4 suspension for 2h at lower temperatures (<400°C) lead to decomposition of DCPD, DCPA, and OCP. Trace tricalcium phosphate (TCP) appeared on calcination above 400°C. HAp remained the predominant phase throughout the process. After calcination at 600°C, no other phases than HAp and TCP were present in the product. The analyzed ratioCa/P (1.38) implied that those crystalline phases were highly Ca-deficient, and that amorphous calcium phosphates were involved in both as-prepared and calcined sample pH 6.4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-119
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Issue number1386
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011


  • Calcium phosphate
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Micro-reactor
  • Nano-sheet
  • Spherical particle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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