Failure Characteristics of PZT Ceramic During Cyclic Loading

Mitsuhiro Okayasu, Tsukasa Ogawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Failure characteristics of PbZrTiO3 (PZT) ceramic plates are investigated under cyclic loading with rods of different diameters, i.e., different contact areas (0–20 mm). The voltage generated under loading by the rod with the smallest diameter (contact area) is higher than those for the larger contact areas. This is due to the high strain induced in the PZT ceramic. However, the opposite trend is seen when the loading exceeds 60 N, i.e., the voltage obtained for the smallest contact area is lower. This is caused by failure of the PZT ceramic. The voltage generated under cyclic loading by the 5-mm, 10-mm, 15-mm, and 20-mm rods drops by about 10% in the early cyclic loading stage, but then remains constant until 10,000 cycles. The reduction in voltage is influenced mainly by 90° domain switching. In this case, many grains (about 15% of the total) are switched: a random domain orientation is switched to the 〈 100 〉 direction perpendicular to the ceramic plate, i.e., a crystalline texture is formed. In contrast, there is significant reduction in voltage under loading by the 0-mm rod (point contact). As the extent of domain switching for the 0-mm rod is similar to that for the other rods, the reduction in electrical generation can be attributed to crack generation resulting from the high deformation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5534-5541
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Electronic Materials
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1 2020


  • Piezoelectric ceramic
  • cyclic loading
  • domain switching
  • electrical power generation
  • lead zirconate titanate ceramic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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