Fatigue properties (S-N and da/dN-dδ) of cast aluminium alloys

M. Okayasu, S. Takasu, A. Niikura, S. Okano, T. Shiraishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, the fatigue strengths of cast aluminium alloys have been examined using the S-N and da/dN-dδ approaches on various cast samples having different microstructural characteristics. These were made by several different casting techniques, namely gravity casting, die casting and twin rolled continuous casting. Owing to the different microstructures, the fatigue properties varied. The S-N relations, e.g. the endurance limit, of the twin-rolled casting were apparently high compared to the other cast samples. The high fatigue strength was related to the high tensile strength and high ductility caused by the tiny spherical α-Al phase and fine eutectic structure. On the other hand, the low fatigue strength for the gravity and die cast samples was caused by the high stress concentration caused by the α-Al phase and needle-like eutectic silicon. Unlike the fatigue strength in the S-N approach, the da/dN-dδ relationships for the twin rolled casting sample, i.e. the resistance to fatigue crack propagation, were low compared to the gravity casting and the die cast samples. Such a difference in the crack growth resistance was influenced by the crack growth characteristics. For example, for the gravity cast and the die cast samples, the crack growth occurs in the grain boundaries of the coarse α-Al phase and along the long eutectic silicon grains (zigzag crack path), which promotes a strong crack closure tendency, leading to high crack growth resistance. The difference in the fatigue strength determined from the S-N relation and da/dN-dδ relation was interpreted by experimental and numerical examination of the stress-strain distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-91
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Cast Metals Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Aluminium alloy
  • Casting
  • Crack growth
  • Fatigue property
  • Fracture mechanics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys


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