Favorable effect of catheter ablation on nocturnal hypertension in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

Tadashi Wada, Satoru Sakuragi, Takaaki Saito, Tatsuto Kawaguchi, Nobuhisa Kodera, Toshihiro Iida, Takashi Yamada, Mitsutaka Nakashima, Yuji Koide, Kenji Kawamoto, Machiko Tanakaya, Yusuke Katayama, Hiroshi Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: The current study was performed to determine whether pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) improves nocturnal hypertension in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). Background: Abnormal night-time blood pressure (BP) fluctuation is a risk factor for atrial fibrillation. Imbalance of autonomic nervous function is a risk factor common to both of these abnormalities. PVI can reportedly modify the autonomic nervous function balance in patients with atrial fibrillation. Methods: The study population comprised 50 consecutive patients (mean age, 69.8±7.5 years; 35.0% male) with PAF scheduled for PVI. Both 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring and heart rate variability analysis were performed before and at 3 months after PVI. Results: Patients were classified into two groups according to the presence of nocturnal BP dipping before PVI: the normal dipping group (n¼27) and the nondipping group (n¼23). The low-frequency spectrum power and the ratio of low-frequency spectrum power to high-frequency spectrum power (low-frequency spectrum/high-frequency spectrum) were higher in the nondipping than the normal dipping group (low-frequency spectrum: 219.9±210.2 vs. 92.7±50.5ms2, respectively, P¼0.03; low-frequency spectrum/high-frequency spectrum: 1.8±1.9 vs. 0.9±0.8, respectively, P¼0.05). In the nondipping group, the elevated night-time BP disappeared in eight (35%) patients at 3 months after PVI, which was associated with an increase in high-frequency spectrum power. These patients did not develop atrial fibrillation recurrence during followup (mean, 568±218 days). Conclusion: Among patients with PAF, the nondipping group showed greater sympathetic activity (higher low-frequency spectrum power and low-frequency spectrum/ high-frequency spectrum) than the dipping group. Restoration of BP dipping after PVI is associated with increased parasympathetic activity (higher high-frequency spectrum power) and reduced recurrence of arrhythmic events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1174-1182
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2020


  • atrial fibrillation
  • heart rate variability
  • nocturnal hypertension
  • pulmonary vain isolation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Internal Medicine


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