We have succeeded in detecting ferro-type orbital states in Ca2-xSrxRuO4, which is the first outcome in a 4d Mott transition system by the resonant x-ray scattering interference technique. For x=0 (Mott insulator), the resonant signal for dxy orbital ordering is observed even at room temperature, in which the Jahn-Teller distortion is negligible. The signal disappears near the metal-insulator transition. On the other hand, in a metallic phase for x=0.5, orbital polarization with dyz/zx character dominates. With lowering temperature, the magnitude of the resonant signal slightly decreases owing to the additional influence of the γ band with dxy character.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Physics and Astronomy