Ferrous-iron-dependent Uptake of L-Glutamate by a Mesophilic, Mixotrophic Iron-oxidizing Bacterium Strain OKM-9

Takao Inoue, Kazuo Kamimura, Tsuyoshi Sugio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Strain OKM-9 is a mesophilic, mixotrophic iron-oxidizing bacterium that absolutely requires ferrous iron as its energy source and L-amino acids (including L-glutamate) as carbon sources for growth. The properties of the L-glutamate transport system were studied with OKM-9 resting cells, plasma membranes, and actively reconstituted proteoliposomes. L-Glutamate uptake into resting cells was totally dependent on ferrous iron that was added to the reaction mixture. Potassium cyanide, an iron oxidase inhibitor, completely inhibited the activity at 1 mM. The optimum pH for Fe2+-dependent uptake activity of L-glutamate was 3.5-4.0. Uptake activity was dependent on the concentration of the L-glutamate. The Km and Vmax for L-glutamate were 0.4 mM and 11.3 nmol•min−1•mg−1, respectively. L-Aspartate, D-aspartate, D-glutamate, and L-cysteine strongly inhibited L-glutamate uptake. L-Aspartate competitively inhibited the activity, and the apparent Ki for this amino acid was 75.9 μM. 2,4-Dinitrophenol, carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone, gramicidin D, valinomycin, and monensin did not inhibit Fe2+-dependent L-glutamate uptake. The OKM-9 plasma membranes had approximately 40% of the iron-oxidizing activity of the resting cells and approximately 85% of the Fe2+-dependent uptake activity. The glutamate transport system was solubilized from the membranes with 1% n-octyl-β-D-glucopyranoside and reconstituted into a lecithin liposome. The L-glutamate transport activity of the reconstituted proteoliposomes was 8-fold than that of the resting cells. The Fe2+-dependent L-glutamate uptake observed here seems to explain the mixotrophic nature of this strain, which absolutely requires Fe2+ oxidation when using amino acids as carbon sources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2030-2035
Number of pages6
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Iron oxidase
  • Iron-oxidizing bacterium
  • L-glutamate transporter
  • L-glutamate uptake system
  • Mixotroph

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry


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