FGF10 can induce Fgf8 expression concomitantly with En1 and R-fng expression in chick limb ectoderm, independent of its dorsoventral specification

Hideyo Ohuchi, Takashi Nakagawa, Nobuyuki Itoh, Sumihare Noji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The limb bud has a thickened epithelium at the dorsal- ventral boundary, the apical ectodermal ridge (AER), which sustains limb outgrowth and patterning. A secreted molecule fibroblast growth factor (FGF)10 is involved in inducing Fgf8 expression in the prospective AER and mutual interaction between mesenchymal FGF10 and FGF8 in the AER is essential for limb outgrowth. A secreted factor Wnt7a and a homeobox protein Lmx1 are involved in the dorsal patterning of the limb, whereas a homeobox protein Engrailed 1 (En1) is involved in the dorsal- ventral patterning as well as AER formation. Radical fringe (R- fng), a vertebrate homolog of Drosophila fringe was also found to elaborate AER formation in chicks. However, little is known about the molecular interactions between these factors during AER formation. The present study clarified the relationship between FGF10, Wnt7a, Lmx1, R-fng and En1 during limb development using a foil-barrier insertion experiment. It was found that a foil- barrier inserted into the chick prospective wing mesenchyme lateral to the mesonephric duct blocks AER induction. This experiment was expanded by implanting Fgf10-expressing cells lateral to the barrier and examined whether FGF10 could rescue the expression of the limb-patterning genes reported in AER formation. It was found that FGF10 is sufficient to induce Fgf8 expression in the ectoderm of the foil-inserted limb bud, concomitantly with R-fng and En1 expression. However, FGF10 could not rescue the expression of the dorsal marker genes, Wnt7a or Lmx1. Thus, it is suggested that epithelial factors of En1 and R- fng can induce Fgf8 expression in the limb ectoderm in cooperation with a mesenchymal factor FGF10. Some factor(s) other than FGF10, possibly from the paraxial structures medial to the limb mesoderm, is responsible for the initial dorsal-ventral specification of the limb bud.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)665-673
Number of pages9
JournalDevelopment Growth and Differentiation
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Apical ectodermal ridge
  • Chick limb buds
  • Dorsal-ventral axis
  • FGF10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology


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