First-order transition in confined water between high-density liquid and low-density amorphous phases

Kenichiro Koga, Hideki Tanaka, X. C. Zeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

305 Citations (Scopus)


Supercooled water and amorphous ice have a rich metastable phase behaviour. In addition to transitions between high- and low-density amorphous solids, and between high- and low-density liquids, a fragile-to-strong liquid transition has recently been proposed, and supported by evidence from the behaviour of deeply supercooled bilayer water confined in hydrophilic slit pores. Here we report evidence from molecular dynamics simulations for another type of first-order phase transition - a liquid-to-bilayer amorphous transition - above the freezing temperature of bulk water at atmospheric pressure. This transition occurs only when water is confined in a hydrophobic slit pore with a width of less than one nanometre. On cooling, the confined water, which has an imperfect random hydrogen-bonded network, transforms into a bilayer amorphous phase with a perfect network (owing to the formation of various hydrogen-bonded polygons) but no long-range order. The transition shares some characteristics with those observed in tetrahedrally coordinated substances such as liquid silicon, liquid carbon and liquid phosphorus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)564-567
Number of pages4
Issue number6812
Publication statusPublished - Nov 30 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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