Flexural properties, bond ability, and crystallographic phase of highly translucent multi-layered zirconia

Yukinori Maruo, Kumiko Yoshihara, Masao Irie, Goro Nishigawa, Noriyuki Nagaoka, Takuya Matsumoto, Shogo Minagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated the mechanical properties, bond ability, and crystallographic forms of different sites in a highly translucent, multi-layered zirconia disk. Flexural properties, bond ability to resin cement, and phase composition were investigated at three sites of a highly translucent, multi-layered zirconia disk: incisal, middle, and cervical. Flexural strength (FS) and flexural modulus (FM) were measured with static three-point flexural test. Shear bond strength (SB) to resin cement was measured after 24 h storage (37°C). Phase composition under mechanical stress was analyzed using X-ray diffraction. Without air abrasion, FS at the incisal site yielded the lowest value and was significantly lower than the middle and cervical sites. Air abrasion lowered the FS of each site. FM at the incisal site without air abrasion showed the significantly lowest value, and air abrasion increased its FM value. At the middle and cervical sites, their FM values were higher than the incisal site but were not significantly affected by air abrasion. SB value did not show significant differences among the sites. After sintering, cubic zirconia was detected at each site. Rhombohedral phase transformation occurred after mirror polishing. In highly translucent, multi-layered zirconia which was mainly composed of cubic zirconia, rhombohedral phase transformation occurred under mechanical stress and resulted in weakened mechanical properties.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Biomaterials and Functional Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Flexural strength
  • bond strength
  • crystallographic phase
  • zirconia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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