Fluid mixing in ladle of RH degasser induced by down flow

Kota Yoshitomi, Misato Nagase, Md Azhar Uddin, Yoshiei Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


In order to understand the effect of down flow in RH ladle on mixing time, the relationship among flow patterns, circulation and mixing phenomena were examined by using three sizes of model RH. The temporal change in electric conductivity in ion-exchanged water was tracked after injecting KCl solution and the decoloration process of iodine color in ion-exchanged water was observed visually after injecting sodium thiosulfate solution. There were two mixing patterns in the ladle: One has a damping oscillation curve for a tracer response and the decoloration reaction occurred everywhere and uniformly, the other has a monotonical decreasing tracer curve after an overshoot and the decoloration delayed near the free surface of the ladle. The (tM/tR)/(Dleg/H) values decreased with the increase in Re below Re ≒ 1.8 × 104 and it was kept to be constant above Re ≒ 1.8 × 104 where tM: a mixing time (s), tR: a mean residence time (s) of fluid in the ladle, Dleg: inner diameter of down-leg (m) and H: length of jet axis between down-leg outlet and jet-impinged wall (m). In the region of Re > 1.8 × 104, the mixing was controlled by the circulating flow, whereas in the region of Re < 1.8 × 104 the mixing behavior was influenced by the stagnation zone near the free surface of the ladle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1119-1123
Number of pages5
Journalisij international
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Circulation
  • Down flow
  • Ladle
  • Mixing
  • RH vacuum degasser
  • Secondary steelmaking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Fluid mixing in ladle of RH degasser induced by down flow'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this