Formation and Its Mechanism of High-speed Micro-grooving on Metal Surface by Angled CW Laser Irradiation

Nozomi Taura, Akiya Mitsunobu, Tatsuhiko Sakai, Yasuhiro Okamoto, Akira Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In general, pulsed lasers with high peak power have been used for the micro-groove formation. However, the processing speed is limited by the pulse repetition rate. On the other hand, CW laser can be expected to perform the high-speed processing by continuous energy input. The mechanism of micro-groove formation by CW laser was investigated by high-speed observation and the thermal fluid analysis. In the perpendicular irradiation of CW laser, the molten metal flows symmetrically around the keyhole to the backward direction, and micro-grooves remain at both edges of molten region. In contrast, in the angled irradiation, the molten metal at the reflection-side scatters as spatters. The remained molten metal flows from the reflection-side to the incident-side through the bottom of keyhole, since the recoil pressure is generated from the reflection-side to the incident-side. In addition, high-speed scanning contributes to keeping the sufficient time and force to move the molten metal in the backward direction. Then, the micro-groove remains at the reflection-side, while the upheaval is formed at the incident-side by gathering the molten metal from the reflection-side and the front of keyhole. Asymmetrical behavior of molten metal flow in angled irradiation of CW laser can create micro-groove in the reflection-side.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-114
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Laser Micro Nanoengineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • CW laser
  • high-speed observation
  • high-speed scanning
  • micro-groove
  • thermal fluid analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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