Frank-Starling mechanism retains recirculation fraction of myocardial Ca2+ in the beating heart

Ju Mizuno, Junichi Araki, Satoshi Mohri, Hitoshi Minami, Yumiko Doi, Waso Fujinaka, Katsumasa Miyaji, Takahiko Kiyooka, Yu Oshima, Gentaro Iribe, Masahisa Hirakawa, Hiroyuki Suga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Myocardial Ca2+ handling in excitation-contraction coupling is the second primary determinant of energy or O2 demand in a working heart. The intracellular and extracellular routes remove myocardial Ca2+ that was released into the sarcoplasma with different Ca2+: ATP stoichiometries. The intracellular route is twice as economical as the extracellular route. Therefore the fraction of total Ca2+ removed via the sarcoplasmic reticulum, i.e., the recirculation fraction of intracellular Ca2+ (RF), determines the economy of myocardial Ca2+ handling. RF has conventionally been estimated as the exponential decay rate of postextrasystolic potentiation (PESP). However, we have found that PESP usually decays in alternans, but not exponentially in the canine left ventricle beating above 100 beats/min. We have succeeded in estimating RF from the exponential decay component of an alternans PESP. We previously found that the Frank-Starling mechanism or varied ventricular preload did not affect the economy of myocardial Ca2+ handling. Then, to account for this important finding, we hypothesized that the Frank-Starling mechanism would not affect RF at a constant heart rate. We tested this hypothesis and found its supportive evidence in 11 canine left ventricles. We conclude that RF at a constant heart rate would remain constant, independent of the Frank-Starling mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)733-743
Number of pages11
JournalJapanese journal of physiology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • Arrhythmia
  • Calcium handling
  • Excitation-contraction coupling
  • Ion transport
  • Sarcoplasmic reticulum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology


Dive into the research topics of 'Frank-Starling mechanism retains recirculation fraction of myocardial Ca2+ in the beating heart'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this