Frequency-Domain Multiplexing Readout with a Self-Trigger System for Pulse Signals from Kinetic Inductance Detectors

Y. Yamada, H. Ishino, A. Kibayashi, Y. Kida, N. Hidehira, K. Komatsu, M. Hazumi, N. Sato, K. Sakai, H. Yamamori, F. Hirayama, S. Kohjiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present the development of a frequency-domain multiplexing readout of kinetic inductance detectors (KIDs) for pulse signals with a self-trigger system. The KIDs consist of an array of superconducting resonators that have different resonant frequencies individually, allowing us to read out multiple channels in the frequency domain with a single wire using a microwave-frequency comb. The energy deposited to the resonators break Cooper pairs, changing the kinetic inductance and, hence, the amplitude and the phase of the probing microwaves. For some applications such as X-ray detections, the deposited energy is detected as a pulse signal shaped by the time constants of the quasiparticle lifetime, the resonator quality factor, and the ballistic phonon lifetime in the substrate, ranging from microseconds to milliseconds. A readout system commonly used converts the frequency-domain data to the time-domain data. For the short pulse signals, the data rate may exceed the data transfer bandwidth, as the short time constant pulses require us to have a high sampling rate. In order to overcome this circumstance, we have developed a KID readout system that contains a self-trigger system to extract relevant signal data and reduces the total data rate with a commercial off-the-shelf FPGA board. We have demonstrated that the system can read out pulse signals of 15 resonators simultaneously with about 10 Hz event rate by irradiating α particles from 241Am to the silicon substrate on whose surface aluminum KID resonators are formed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)518-524
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2018


  • Frequency-domain multiplexing readout
  • Kinetic inductance detectors
  • Phonon detection
  • Self-trigger system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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