1. To assess the substrate-dependent effects of the low-activity allele of human CYP3A4, CYP3A4*16 (Thr185Ser), a recombinant wild-type (CYP3A4.1) or variant (CYP3A4.16) protein was co-expressed with human NADPH-P450 reductase in Sf21 insect cells using a baculovirus-insect cell system. 2. The holo-CYP3A4 protein level of CYP3A4.16 in insect microsomes was slightly higher than that of CYP3A4.1, while no difference in total (apo- and holo-) CYP3A4 protein levels was observed between them. 3. When midazolam was used as a substrate, Km and Vmax for 1'-hydroxylation in CYP3A4.16 were significantly higher and lower, respectively, than those in the wild-type, resulting in a 50% decrease in intrinsic clearance (Vmax/Km) of the variant. In contrast, intrinsic clearance for 4-hydroxylation of the variant was decreased by 30% due to a significant increase in Km without a difference in Vmax. 4. Both the wild-type and variant exhibited sigmoidal kinetic profiles for carbamazepine 10,11-epoxide formation. When the modified two-site equation was applied for the analysis of kinetic parameters, Km2 and Vmax2 of CYP3A4.16 were approximately two times higher and lower than those of the wild-type, resulting in a 74% decrease in intrinsic clearance. 5. These results demonstrated that CYP3A4.16 shows the substrate-dependent altered kinetics compared with CYP3A4.1.
- Non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)
- Substrate dependency
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis