Functional response of tumor vasculature to PaCO2: Determination of total and microvascular blood volume by MRI

Scott D. Packard, Joseph B. Mandeville, Tomotsugu Ichikawa, Keiro Ikeda, Kinya Terada, Stephanie Niloff, E. Antonio Chiocca, Bruce R. Rosen, John J.A. Marota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


In order to identify differences in functional activity, we compared the reactivity of glioma vasculature and the native cerebral vasculature to both dilate and constrict in response to altered PaCO2. Gliomas were generated by unilateral implantation of U87MGdEGFR human glioma tumor cells into the striatum of adult female athymic rats. Relative changes in total and microvascular cerebral blood volume were determined by steady state contrast agent-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging for transitions from normocarbia to hypercarbia and hypocarbia. Although hypercarbia induced a significant increase in both total and microvascular blood volume in normal brain and glioma, reactivity of glioma vasculature was significantly blunted in comparison to normal striatum; glioma total CBV increased by 0.6±0.1%/mm Hg CO2 whereas normal striatum increased by 1.5±0.2%/mm Hg CO2, (P<.0001, group t-test). Reactivity of microvascular blood volume was also significantly blunted. In contrast, hypocarbia decreased both total and microvascular blood volumes more in glioma than in normal striatum. These results indicate that cerebral blood vessels derived by tumor-directed angiogenesis do retain reactivity to CO2. Furthermore, reduced reactivity of tumor vessels to a single physiological perturbation, such as hypercarbia, should not be construed as a generalized reduction of functional activity of the tumor vascular bed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-338
Number of pages9
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2003


  • CO reactivity
  • Cerebral blood volume
  • Glioma
  • MRI
  • Vasculature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research


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