Ganglioside GT1b as a complementary receptor component for Clostridium botulinum neurotoxins

Shunji Kozaki, Yoichi Kamata, Shinobu Watarai, Tei Ichi Nishiki, Sumiko Mochida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Citations (Scopus)


Clostridium botulinum type B neurotoxin (BoNT/B) recognizes a complex of synaptotagmin II and ganglioside GT1b or GD1a as the high-affinity toxin binding site. Recombinant deletion mutants of synaptotagmin II allowed us to demonstrate that the N-terminal domain including the transmembrane region retains BoNT/B binding activity while the G-terminal domain is not involved in constituting the BoNT/B receptor. BoNT/B binding to reconstituted lipid vesicles containing synaptotagmin II and gangliosides showed that GT1b and GD1a confer the difference in the maximum binding capacity but not in the dissociation constant. The direct binding of GT1b to the deletion mutants revealed that the transmembrane region is required to bind GT1b, suggesting that synaptotagmin II binds to the ceramide portion of gangliosides within the plasma membrane. A monoclonal antibody against GT1b effectively inhibited not only BoNT/B binding to the reconstituted lipid vesicles and brain synaptosomes but also type A BoNT (BoNT/A) binding to brain synaptosomes. In addition, the monoclonal antibody antagonized the action of both BoNT/A and BoNT/B on synaptic transmission of rat superior cervical ganglion neurons. These results suggest that GT1b functions as a component of the receptor complex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-99
Number of pages9
JournalMicrobial Pathogenesis
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1998


  • Clostridium botulinum
  • Ganglioside
  • Neurotoxin
  • Receptor
  • Synaptotagmin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Infectious Diseases


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