Gelatin beads as platforms for targeting molecule and anti-Fas antibody: Two major properties of cytotoxic T lymphocytes

Toshiya Yokozawa, Koichi Miyamura, Ryuichi Fujino, Shin Yonehara, Ryuzo Ueda, Mitsune Tanimoto, Hidehiko Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Objective Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) initially recognize target cells using the T-cell receptor (TCR), then strongly adhere to these cells by accessory molecules, and finally induce apoptosis by Fas ligand (FasL)/Fas or lyse by the granzyme/perforin system. We describe the development of gelatin beads carrying anti-tumor monoclonal antibody (mAb) and anti-Fas mAb mimicking the TCR and FasL, respectively. We hypothesized that these antibody-coated beads can be therapeutically utilized for the elimination of tumor cells. Materials and Methods We evaluated the cytotoxic activity of gelatin beads bearing CH11 (anti-Fas mAb) after incubation with several human leukemia cell lines. Cytotoxic activities were measured using colorimetric DNA fragmentation assay and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release assay. Results We demonstrated that the cytotoxic effects of anti-Fas mAb were markedly enhanced by fixation on gelatin beads. Microscopic examination showed that the beads attached to the target cells and induced their apoptosis. These effects were enhanced further by adding tumor-specific mAb. These in vitro properties of the beads were well reconstituted in the peritoneal cavity of mice. Conclusion Although antibody-coated gelatin beads lack several important properties of natural CTL, such as differentiation, proliferation, and the functions of adhesion molecules, they mimic well the targeting and cytotoxic functions of natural CTL. Our findings suggest that antibody-carrying gelatin beads may be the first step toward the development of artificial CTL and can be applied, for example, to artificial dendritic and stroma cells for the development of novel biotherapeutic approaches. (C) 2000 International Society for Experimental Hematology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1129-1136
Number of pages8
JournalExperimental Hematology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2000


  • Artificial
  • Beads
  • Cytotoxic T lymphocyte
  • Fas
  • T-cell receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research


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