Generalized Nb(C, N) Precipitation Model Applicable to Extra Low Carbon Steel

Satoshi Akamatsu, Takehide Senuma, Mitsuhiro Hasebe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


The isothermal precipitation behavior of Nb(C,N) in austenite has been investigated using steels of different carbon contents, Theobserved progress of the precipitation in extra low carbon steel is muchfaster and size of the precipitates is apparently larger than those in steels with higher carbon content even though their supersaturations are the same. To explain this phenomenon,the local equilibrium at the austenite/ Nb(C.N) interface has been introduced into the classical nucleation theory and the sphericai growth theory, and a generalized precipitation modei has been proposed which can predict the precipitation behavior of extra iow carbon steels as well as that of HSLAsteels. As a conclusion, this study clearly shows that the kinetics of MC-typeprecipitation is influenced not only by the precipitate-forming atomic product. M x C, but also by its ratio, MIC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-282
Number of pages8
Journalisij international
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • Iocal equilibrium
  • austenite
  • carbonitride
  • computer modelling
  • extra low carbon steel
  • growth
  • kinetics
  • niobium
  • nucleation
  • precipitation
  • thermodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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