Geochemistry of clinopyroxenes and petrogenesis of mantle xenoliths from Pliocene basanites of the Dzhilinda River: (Vitim volcanic field)

K. D. Litasov, Yu D. Litasov, A. S. Mekhonoshin, V. G. Mal'kovets

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    8 Citations (Scopus)


    Three series of peridotite xenoliths from basanites of the Dzhilinda River were analyzed. The trace-element patterns of clinopyroxenes of lherzolites of series 1 and 2a correspond to low-degree partial melting of the primitive mantle. Poikiloblastic harzburgites composed of minerals with low Mg# and characterized by a dome-like REE patterns in their relict clinopyroxene occur at the depth of garnet facies. Their origin is attributed to reworking of peridotites by percolated melt under high melt/matrix ratio (4-5%). Some peridotites of series 2a are characterized by a depleted composition and contain clinopyroxenes enriched in LREE and depleted in HFSE, which might be due to percolation of small portions of melt. We have established a rare type of interaction of melt with mantle substance producing high-Ti peridotites rich in pyroxenes and spinel (series 3). The high Ti content is indicative of the ilmenite-containing source. The high contents of Cr, Ni, Zn, and V suggest that dunite or harzburgite were initial rocks. The REE patterns in clinopyroxenes indicate a MORB-like composition of the coexisting melt. The Al-augite pyroxenites contain clinopyroxene with trace-element features pointing to their joint origin with low-temperature Cr-diopside pyroxenites. The trace-element patterns of the clinopyroxene megacrysts evidence their origin from fractional crystallization of alkaline basaltic or picrobasaltic melt. Shallow-depth skarn-like clinopyroxenites contain clinopyroxene whose REE pattern has a bend near Sm and show drastic enrichment in LREE. This suggests secondary transformation of rocks under the effect of fluid-rich melt, and these rocks were, probably, clinopyroxenite or gabbro with the primary characteristics of MORB.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1557-1574
    Number of pages18
    JournalGeologiya i Geofizika
    Issue number11
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2000


    • Melt fractionation
    • Peridotites
    • Pyroxenites
    • Reactional percolation
    • Trace elements

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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