Green Tea Catechins, (−)-Catechin Gallate, and (−)-Gallocatechin Gallate are Potent Inhibitors of ABA-Induced Stomatal Closure

Kanane Sato, Shunya Saito, Kohsuke Endo, Masaru Kono, Taishin Kakei, Haruka Taketa, Megumi Kato, Shin Hamamoto, Matteo Grenzi, Alex Costa, Shintaro Munemasa, Yoshiyuki Murata, Yasuhiro Ishimaru, Nobuyuki Uozumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Stomatal movement is indispensable for plant growth and survival in response to environmental stimuli. Cytosolic Ca2+ elevation plays a crucial role in ABA-induced stomatal closure during drought stress; however, to what extent the Ca2+ movement across the plasma membrane from the apoplast to the cytosol contributes to this process still needs clarification. Here the authors identify (−)-catechin gallate (CG) and (−)-gallocatechin gallate (GCG), components of green tea, as inhibitors of voltage-dependent K+ channels which regulate K+ fluxes in Arabidopsis thaliana guard cells. In Arabidopsis guard cells CG/GCG prevent ABA-induced: i) membrane depolarization; ii) activation of Ca2+ permeable cation (ICa) channels; and iii) cytosolic Ca2+ transients. In whole Arabidopsis plants co-treatment with CG/GCG and ABA suppressed ABA-induced stomatal closure and surface temperature increase. Similar to ABA, CG/GCG inhibited stomatal closure is elicited by the elicitor peptide, flg22 but has no impact on dark-induced stomatal closure or light- and fusicoccin-induced stomatal opening, suggesting that the inhibitory effect of CG/GCG is associated with Ca2+-related signaling pathways. This study further supports the crucial role of ICa channels of the plasma membrane in ABA-induced stomatal closure. Moreover, CG and GCG represent a new tool for the study of abiotic or biotic stress-induced signal transduction pathways.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Science
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


  • calcium oscillation
  • catechin gallate
  • drought stress
  • green tea
  • stomata

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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