Half-value layer measurement: Simple process method using radiochromic film

T. Gotanda, T. Katsuda, R. Gotanda, A. Tabuchi, K. Yamamoto, T. Kuwano, H. Yatake, K. Kashiyama, Y. Takeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Although the half-value layer (HVL) is one of the important parameters for QA and QC, constant monitoring has not been performed because the measurements using an ionization chamber (IC) are time-consuming and complicated. To solve these problems, the use of radiochromic film (GAFCHROMIC XR TYPE R: GAF-R) with step-shaped aluminum (Al) filters, referred to herein as the simple process method, has been developed. The measurement X-ray tube voltages were 120 kV, 100 kV, and 80 kV. The Al filter area, the full exposure area, and the unexposed area were set on the GAF-R so as to obtain correct data. The HVL was evaluated using the density attenuation ratio. The HVLs obtained using the GAF-R and an IC dosimeter were compared. HVLs with X-ray tube voltages of 120 kV, 100 kV, and 80 kV using the GAF-R were 4.10 mm, 3.55 mm and 2.97 mm, respectively. The difference ratios of the HVLs using the GAF-R and the IC were 1.2%, 7.6%, and 10.0%, respectively. The HVL at 120 kV can be routinely and quickly measured using the simple process method. Therefore, an IC dosimeter is not needed for HVL measurements for QA and QC However, the HVL measurements of low energy (100 kV and 80 kV) need attention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-158
Number of pages9
JournalAustralasian Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Effective energy
  • Half-value layer
  • Quality assurance
  • Quality control
  • Radiochromic film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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